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In August 2021, Ford, General Motors, and Stellantis announced a joint goal for 40-50% of their sales to be all electric vehicles by 2030 (GM also noted in January 2021 that it intends to only produce electric vehicles by 2035). This joint announcement was made to coincide with White House goals to make OEMs convert half of all new vehicle sales in the US to electric by 2030. As electric vehicles sales increase it is inevitable the batteries used in these vehicles will be entering the waste, recycling, and or re-use market. Michigan needs to be prepared to sustainably manage these materials as they enter the market.


Under a grant from the Department of Environment Great Lakes and Energy, NextEnergy and our program partner Battery Solutions, Inc. examined and characterized the existing Michigan supply chain for collection, analysis, remanufacturing, reuse, and recycling of used electric vehicle (EV) batteries. The project identified existing supply chain gaps as well as opportunities for addressing those gaps via secondary use applications for used EV batteries, including what Michigan can do to prepare for that reality.

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